Vaginal Dryness & Laxity

Overview

Vaginal Dryness & Laxity occurs when the tissues of the vagina are not well lubricated, resulting in pain and discomfort. This can be caused by aging, hormonal changes, childbirth, breastfeeding, medication, surgery or stress. The most common cause of VDL is due to low estrogen levels. 

VDL is commonly ignored or left alone, leading to poor intimate satisfaction, intimate discomfort if the vulva is inflamed and sore which could lead to vaginal infections, and lower success in fertility and childbirth.

Common symptoms include painful intercourse, soreness, bacteria and yeast infections, light bleeding after intercourse and low sexual desire. Treatment starts with improving the circulation of the pelvic floor and relaxing the pelvic floor muscle group. Using medical technology for non-invasive and natural treatment for VDL starts with improving circulation around the pelvic floor region and stimulating the pelvic floor muscles.

Other treatments for VDL due to low estrogen levels is estrogen therapy to replace the hormones the body is no longer producing in the form of creams, patches or hormonal pills. Consuming foods rich in soy, flaxseed and Vitamin E may help restore estrogen to your system, which in turn will increase vaginal moisture.


Symptoms

Common symptoms include painful intercourse, light bleeding after intercourse and itching, and low sexual desire.

Causes

Falling estrogen levels are the main cause of vaginal dryness. Women begin to produce less estrogen as they age. In addition, vaginal walls often thin due to hormonal changes and menopause which leads to vaginal dryness.


Risk factors

This condition is common in older women, but it can happen at any age. VDL is caused by a drop in estrogen levels, which can be caused by: 

  • Breastfeeding
  • Smoking
  • Depression
  • Excessive stress
  • Rigorous exercise
  • Certain medication or treatments (eg. chemotherapy and radiation) 
  • Certain immune disorders
  • Surgical removal of the ovaries
  • Douching and other irritants like soaps and lotion can disrupt the natural chemical balance and lead to dryness

Complications

VDL can cause other complications such as: 

  • Yeast infections
  • Urinary Tract Infections
  • Painful intercourse
  • Light bleeding after intercourse
  • Depression

Treatment & Management

Vaginal dryness can be managed with:

  • OTC lubricants 
  • Estrogen pills, creams and rings
  • Pelvic floor exercises
  • Promoting better circulation of the lower structures
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Orchard Clinic is a specialised centre combining advanced medical technology and physical conditioning to help clients achieve healthy, pain-free lifestyles.

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